Tajikistan is an ideal destination for eco tourism and mountain tourism. Dare to observe Central Asia from the “roof of the world”!
Tajikistan is located in Central Asia at the crossroads of many paths of the Silk Road. From the west and north Tajikistan borders Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, on the east it borders Kyrgyzstan and China, and on the south it shares a long border with Afghanistan. Besides, to the South Tajikistan is separated from Pakistan with the Wakhan Corridor, which is narrow strip of territory (15 km) used as a trade route by travellers going to and from East, South and Central Asia since antiquity.
Tajikistan is a mountainous country with unique climate and a lot of geographical peculiarities. 93% of its territory is occupied by mountain ranges belonging to the Gissar-Alay, Tien-Shan and Pamir mountain systems. The last one is worldwide known as the “roof of the world”.
Tajikistan is a “Mecca for mountain climbers” and extreme tourism lovers!
Climbers from all continents strive to conquer the peak of Ismoil Somoni (7495 meters) – the high-altitude pole of the majestic Pamir Mountains. This is why this area is known as a “Mecca for mountain climbers” and attracts climbers and mountain hiking, trekking, skiing, snowboarding, caving, paragliding and other extreme tourism lovers from all over the world!
Besides, ancient glaciers of Tajikistan (including 70 km long Fedchenko glacier) attract nature lovers, eco tourists and even Scientifics. The glaciers of Pamir and Tian-Shan are the sources of fresh water. About 60% of Central Asian rivers spring from these glaciers.
Another pearl of the Pamirs is the Sarez Lake that was formed in 1911 as a result of landslide, caused by an earthquake, that obstructed the stream of the Murgob river. This lake contains 17 billion cubic meters of clean fresh water.
The exceptional diversity of the plant and animal world of Tajikistan attracts those who love nature based tourism!
In Tajikistan there are 13 state natural reserves and the Tajik National Park where unique ecology, landscapes and natural monuments are preserved in their original state. Besides, rare endangered species of plants and animals listed in the Red Book, including the horned goat (morhur), the mountain argali (Marco Polo), the Bukhara mountain ram (ureal), the spotted Bukhara deer, the snow leopard, the Tien Shan brown bear, striped Hyena and Indian Mountain Goose are preserved in this unique ecosystem.
The flora of Tajikistan has more than 5000 species of higher plants, among which there are many endemics. The Pamir Botanical Garden, located at an altitude of 2320m above sea level near Khorog, is a man-made unique natural monument in the Pamirs. This garden, in sharp contrast to the barren slopes, is a real green miracle, in which more than 20 thousand plants from all continents are gathered. Among them are rare and unusual specimens of plants, such as Amur velvet, cork tree, black Austrian pine and a unique collection of roses with the purest tones and incomparable aroma.